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Ligadura de trompas - Risks

Nombres alternativos

Cirugía de esterilización femenina; Esterilización tubárica; Ligadura tubárica; Ligar las trompas; Procedimiento histeroscópico de oclusión de las trompas


Los riesgos de cualquier cirugía son:

  • Sangrado.
  • Daño a otros órganos (aparatos digestivo o urinario), lo cual requiere cirugía adicional para su reparación.
  • Infección.

Los riesgos de cualquier anestesia abarcan:

Los riesgos de la ligadura de trompas son:

  • Cierre incompleto de las trompas, lo cual podría aún hacer posible que se presente un embarazo. Aproximadamente 1 de cada 200 mujeres que ha tenido ligadura de trompas queda en embarazo posteriormente.
  • Aumento del riesgo de embarazo tubárico (ectópico) si dicho embarazo ocurre después de una ligadura de trompas.
  • Lesión a órganos o tejidos adyacentes causada por instrumentos quirúrgicos.
  • Reviewed last on: 2/28/2011
  • Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Susan Storck, MD, FACOG, Chief, Eastside Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, Bellevue, Washington; Clinical Teaching Faculty, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.


Mishell DR Jr. Family planning: contraception, sterilization, and pregnancy termination. In: Katz VL, Lentz GM, Lobo RA, Gershenson DM, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2007:chap 14.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Sterilization by laparoscopy. ACOG Education Pamphlet AP035. February 2003. Accessed January 7, 2011.

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