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Niacina - Overview

Nombres alternativos

Ácido nicotínico; Vitamina B3


Es un tipo de vitamina del complejo B y es hidrosoluble, lo cual significa que no se almacena en el cuerpo. Las vitaminas hidrosolubles se disuelven en agua. Las cantidades sobrantes de la vitamina salen del cuerpo a través de la orina, lo cual quiere decir que se necesita un suministro continuo de tales vitaminas en la alimentación.


La niacina ayuda al funcionamiento del aparato digestivo, la piel y los nervios. También es importante para la conversión de los alimentos en energía.

  • Reviewed last on: 2/14/2011
  • Alison Evert, MS, RD, CDE, Nutritionist, University of Washington Medical Center Diabetes Care Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.


Escott-Stump S, ed. Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.

Sarubin Fragaakis A, Thomson C. The Health Professional's Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements. 3rd ed. Chicago, Il: American Dietetic Association; 2007.

Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, PantothenicAcid, Biotin, and Choline. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1998.

Cervantes-Laurean D, McElvaney NG, Moss J. Niacin. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore, Md. Williams & Wilkins; 1999:401-411.

Malik S, Kashyap ML. Niacin, lipids, and heart disease. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2003;5:470-476.

McKenny J. New perspectives on the use of niacin in the treatment of lipid disorders. Arch Intern Med; 2004;164:697-705.

Grundy SM, Vega GL, McGovern ME, et al. Efficacy, safety, tolerability of once-daily niacin for the treatmetn of dyslipidemia associated with type 2 diabetes control and evaluation and efficiency of Niaspan trial. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162:1568-1576.

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