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Niacina - Overview

Nombres alternativos

Ácido nicotínico; Vitamina B3

Definición:

Es un tipo de vitamina del complejo B y es hidrosoluble, lo cual significa que no se almacena en el cuerpo. Las vitaminas hidrosolubles se disuelven en agua. Las cantidades sobrantes de la vitamina salen del cuerpo a través de la orina, lo cual quiere decir que se necesita un suministro continuo de tales vitaminas en la alimentación.

Funciones:

La niacina ayuda al funcionamiento del aparato digestivo, la piel y los nervios. También es importante para la conversión de los alimentos en energía.

  • Reviewed last on: 2/14/2011
  • Alison Evert, MS, RD, CDE, Nutritionist, University of Washington Medical Center Diabetes Care Center, Seattle, Washington. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

Referencias

Escott-Stump S, ed. Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.

Sarubin Fragaakis A, Thomson C. The Health Professional's Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements. 3rd ed. Chicago, Il: American Dietetic Association; 2007.

Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, PantothenicAcid, Biotin, and Choline. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1998.

Cervantes-Laurean D, McElvaney NG, Moss J. Niacin. In: Shils ME, Olson JA, Shike M, eds. Modern Nutrition in Health and Disease. 9th ed. Baltimore, Md. Williams & Wilkins; 1999:401-411.

Malik S, Kashyap ML. Niacin, lipids, and heart disease. Curr Cardiol Rep. 2003;5:470-476.

McKenny J. New perspectives on the use of niacin in the treatment of lipid disorders. Arch Intern Med; 2004;164:697-705.

Grundy SM, Vega GL, McGovern ME, et al. Efficacy, safety, tolerability of once-daily niacin for the treatmetn of dyslipidemia associated with type 2 diabetes control and evaluation and efficiency of Niaspan trial. Arch Intern Med. 2002;162:1568-1576.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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