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Enfermedades de la tiroides - Overview


La glándula tiroidea está localizada en la parte frontal del cuello, justo bajo la laringe. Esta glándula produce químicos (hormonas) que ayudan al cuerpo a controlar el metabolismo. La hormona tiroidea normalmente se produce en respuesta a otra hormona secretada por la hipófisis.

Existen cuatro tipos principales de enfermedad de la tiroides:

  • Hipertiroidismo: demasiada hormona tiroidea
  • Hipotiroidismo: muy poca hormona tiroidea
  • Enfermedad tiroidea benigna (no cancerosa)
  • Cáncer de tiroides

Para información sobre un tipo específico de enfermedad de la tiroides, consulte uno de los siguientes artículos:

  • Reviewed last on: 5/23/2010
  • David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.


Ladenson P, Kim M. Thyroid. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 244.

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